A Gettysburg Self-guided Driving Tour How to: Easy + Free!

The Battle of Gettysburg was a pivotal turning point in the American Civil War. Known as the High Water Mark of the Rebellion, the bloody battle lasted for three intense days and forever put the small town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania on history’s map. Take a self-guided, free Gettysburg driving tour today and see the battlefield where brother fought brother for the future of America.

Experience Gettysburg in One Day with a Self-guided Driving Tour

The town of Gettysburg has not ignored its place in American history; the town’s civil war battlefield history-industry is thriving.

Honestly, it can be a bit overwhelming when planning your first visit to Gettysburg.

Not only is the battlefield a National Military Park encompassing 6000 acres, but the town itself also has museums and historical homes and tour companies around every corner.

If you only have one day in Gettysburg, opt for a self-guided auto tour of the battlefield. It’s FREE and can be tailored to your individual time needs!

A cannon peers through tall yellow grass across Gettysburg Battlefield under a blue sky

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How to Day Trip to Gettysburg Battlefield

Gettysburg, PA is an easy day trip from several states as well as from the US’s capital city of Washington, DC. Any of the following are good starting points for a day trip to Gettysburg, or it makes a great one day stop on an eastern US road trip.

  • 45min south of Harrisburg, PA
  • 1hr northeast of Harpers Ferry, WV
  • 1.25hrs northwest of Baltimore, MD
  • 1.5hrs north of Washington, DC
  • 2hrs west of Wilmington, DE
  • 2.5hrs west of Philadelphia, PA
  • 3 hrs east of Morgantown, WV
  • 3hrs north of Richmond, VA or Charlottesville, VA
  • 3.5hrs east of Pittsburgh, PA

Personally, I’m willing to drive 2-3 hours each way for a day trip or even up to 4 hours if it’s a place I really want to go and/or I’m not likely to be in the area again for a while. Some of you shudder at the thought of being in the car for 3 hours total, let alone one way. That’s fine.

Turn a day trip into an overnight trip. Drive up the night before or stay the night after to give yourself enough time to appreciate all the Gettysburg National Military Park has to offer.

Or, perhaps you need a weekend trip to make the most of your time at Gettysburg! Everyone gets 24 hours in a day. It’s up to you how you divide that time between sleeping, driving, and exploring. 😉

Seated bronze statue of Abraham Lincoln with his hat at his side and the Gettysburg Address in his hands, on a bench at the Gettysburg National Military Park Visitor Center
See Abe at the Visitor Center!

How Long Does It Take to Drive the Gettysburg Battlefield?

The most important thing to know about visiting Gettysburg is that it’s HUGE. The second most important thing to know is it’s POPULAR, especially in the summer.

During non-peak season, a Gettysburg auto tour takes about 2 hours with only a couple quick stops to get out of the car. If you prefer to get out and take a lot of pictures and read all the exhibit plaques, it’ll take 3-4 hours, or longer, with stops at all 16 waypoints and at Barlow Knoll, Culp’s Hill, and the National Cemetery.

My first trip to Gettysburg was November 2020, so crowds were low, as we had hoped. I’m a huge history buff, so we read the map and exhibit plaques, watched the virtual tour video for each auto tour stop, and got out to take ALL the pictures. All told, it took us about 5 hours to complete the entire battlefield auto tour loop.

It was a very thorough first visit to Gettysburg, and did I mention it was completely FREE! 😎

All bets are off during peak season, generally May to October but especially in July around the anniversary of the battle. Gettysburg National Military Park hosts over a million visitors to the battlefield each year, and the majority visit during the summer months.

Best advice: leave buffer in your time table for your day trip to Gettysburg.

Pro Tip: The anniversary of the battle is July 1-3 so the Independence Day holiday is always a particularly busy time.

Brown brick and white stone sign for the Gettysburg National Military Park Museum & Visitor Center
The Visitor Center is closed on certain days during non-peak season, but maps are still available outside.

Where to Start the Gettysburg Auto Tour

A self-guided auto tour covers all areas of the battlefield in more or less chronological order, from beginning to end of the battle.

Start at the national park visitor center and pick up a free map with the driving tour directions clearly marked. The visitor center also has a museum, cyclorama painting, and historic film offered by The Gettysburg Foundation for a fee, if you’re interested in learning all the history ahead of your driving tour.

The map is invaluable throughout the day as it also has the restrooms marked! 😆

Car tour CDs and books abound, or you could purchase a guided bus tour or personalized guided driving tour at the visitor center, but the national park service website for Gettysburg National Military Park has a free virtual tour that corresponds to each stop of the battlefield car tour.

These national park ranger-narrated videos are typically 2-3 minutes, with a few longer ones, and walk through the Battle of Gettysburg as you progress from stop to stop. These videos are like having your own personal park ranger in the car with you, and it doesn’t cost a dime!

This is also a great way to visit Gettysburg virtually when you can’t travel!

Is the Gettysburg Self-Guided Driving Tour Easy to Follow?

Yes. The free maps have directional arrows and the roads are marked with signs throughout. Each driving tour stop has its own numbered marker.

Gettysburg Self-Guided Driving Tour Auto Tour Stop 6 sign, marked with a white star on a red background
Auto Tour Stop Markers are easy to spot!

Roads for the Gettysburg driving tour route are mostly one-way.

Once you start down West Confederate Avenue and into McMillan Woods on Seminary Ridge to Stop #4, there are very few options to get out of the one-way traffic loop until you get to Stop #12 in the middle of Cemetery Ridge.

Remember, there are restrooms available along the route but how fast you can get there is at the mercy of the cars in front of you. Don’t wait until it’s an emergency! 😅

Driving Tour Waypoints at Gettysburg: A Journey in Pictures!

The Gettysburg car tour includes 16 stops that walk you through the geography and timeline of the battle.

1. McPherson Ridge

The battle begins on July 1st, 1863.

White and brown McPherson Barn surrounded by green fields, wooden fences, and a blue sky at Gettysburg Battlefield
McPherson Barn at the beginning of the Gettysburg driving tour route

2. Eternal Light & Peace Memorial on Oak Hill

Dedicated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on July 3, 1938, the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg, this memorial symbolizes the unity of a once divided nation.

The base is Maine granite and the column is Alabama limestone, topped by an eternal flame. A quarter million people attended the dedication, including many of the last Civil War veterans, both Union and Confederate.

The inscription in the stone base of the Eternal Peace and Light Memorial at Gettysburg Battlefield proclaims, "Peace Eternal in a Nation United" as another stone column rises from the center and is topped with an eternal flame

3. Oak Ridge

Climb the observation tower for a panoramic view of this portion of the battlefield.

Intricately carved stone and metal memorial made to look like a solider's pack hanging on a tree remembers Union soldiers at Oak Ridge at Gettysburg
Intricate memorials line every road of the Gettysburg driving tour

Barlow Knoll

This area doesn’t have a numbered waypoint marker, but it is part of the official driving tour.

A stone memorial to Civil War soldiers, topped by a bugler soldier, sits atop Barlow Knoll at Gettysburg Battlefield

4. North Carolina Memorial

One in four of every Confederate soldier killed at the Battle of Gettysburg was a North Carolinian.

Bronze statue of four weary soldiers forging on through battle at the North Carolina Memorial at Gettysburg National Military Park

5. Virginia Memorial

Confederate General Robert E. Lee sits atop his favorite horse on the top of this memorial, but this memorial is also meant to remember the everyday Virginian sons that fought and died here at Gettysburg. The picture below is the portion of the monument dedicated to them.

Bronze statues of Virginia soliders on granite base at Gettysburg Battlefield

6. Pitzer Woods

Confederate Lt. Gen. Longstreet was General Lee’s “Old War Horse” and reliably followed Lee’s command. However, at Gettysburg, Longstreet disagreed with Lee’s strategy and reluctantly carried out orders, asking for a reassignment after the battle.

Metal statue of Confederate Lt Gen Longstreet astride his horse, gazing intently towards the battlefield at Gettysburg
Longstreet intently watches the battle
Civil War cannons line the edge of a wooded area along Seminary Ridge at Gettysburg
Cannons line the woods along Seminary Ridge

7. Warfield Ridge

The Confederates spent most of the second day of the battle trying to outflank the Union troops dug in on the high ground at Cemetery Ridge. Warfield Ridge was the launching point for the fight over Little Round Top.

Little Round Top hillside at Gettysburg, PA, covered in fall-colored trees
Little Round Top as seen from Warfield Ridge

8. Little Round Top

Chief Engineer of the Army of the Potomac Warren came to Little Round Top to find it unoccupied and a gaping hole in the Union’s flank. His quick action in diverting troops to this location just in time to repel a Confederate flanking movement likely saved the outcome of the battle for the Union.

Metal statue of Union engineer and Brigadier General Warren stands atop Little Round Top hillside, gazing down at Devil's Den and the Gettysburg Battlefield
Warren stands atop Little Round Top, looking down on Devil’s Den

9. The Wheatfield

Remember, this area was largely farm fields at the time of this battle. Soldiers were fighting in and around fields and orchards and peoples’ homes and barns.

Brown grass and a bare large oak tree with a white farmhouse and barn in the distance

10. The Peach Orchard

Bare peach trees surrounded by wooden fences and green grass
Bare peach trees are just visible in the middle of this photograph.

11. Plum Run

Green field and tall yellow grass surround Plum Run At Gettysburg Battlefield with the white stone Pennsylvania Memorial in the distance
View from Plum Run of the Pennsylvania Memorial in the distance

12. Pennsylvania Memorial

Confederate memorials are typically one per state. Union memorials are typically per regiment, so there are more of them throughout the park. All together there are over 1300 monuments and memorials preserved at Gettysburg, making it one of the largest collections of outdoor sculpture in the world.

The Pennsylvania Memorial lists every Pennsylvania solider, from private to general, who fought at Gettysburg. It is the largest monument in the park.

Large white stone memorial to the Pennsylvania soldiers that fought at Gettysburg, crowned with a bronze statue of Victory
The largest monument at Gettysburg

13. Spangler’s Spring

Confederates repeatedly tried to flank the Union forces on Cemetery Ridge. This spring was controlled by both armies at different points throughout the battle.

Stone marker and steps to Spangler's Spring natural freshwater spring at Gettysburg Battlefield

Culps Hill & Observation Tower

Another observation tower for amazing views of this side of the battlefield. Unfortunately, during my visit all observation towers were closed. 😕

14. East Cemetery Hill

15. High Water Mark

Pickett’s Charge on July 3rd, 1863 saw 12,000 Confederate soldiers charge across an open field and uphill to try to dislodge the Union forces on Cemetery Ridge. Decimated by Union artillery, the Confederates managed to briefly breach the low stone wall at The Angle but were unable to hold the position and eventually fell back to cover at Seminary Ridge before withdrawing completely.

This area is known as the High Water Mark of the Confederacy because it’s the furthest north the Confederate army ever reached. After the Battle at Gettysburg, General Lee withdrew his forces and his northern campaign for the Army of Northern Virginia ended.

Civil War cannon aimed along the length of a low stone wall at a lone tree marking The Angle at Gettysburg Battlefield
A lone tree marks The Angle

16. National Cemetery

The Battle of Gettysburg was the bloodiest battle of the American Civil War, over 51,000 casualties in three days. (Common confusion: the Battle of Antietam was the bloodiest single-day battle with almost 23,000 casualties.)

Stone and metal Louisiana Memorial at Gettysburg Battlefield where a fallen solider lies on his back looking out across the battlefield

The aftermath of the battle was horrendous. Where do you bury that many people at one time? The summer heat and fears of disease meant most were hastily buried in shallow graves across the farm fields where they fell.

The governor of Pennsylvania quickly heeded the call from Gettysburg residents to establish a central cemetery. Land was purchased by the state of Pennsylvania and thousands of Union soldiers were exhumed from their hasty graves and reburied with proper grave markers at the newly created National Cemetery on the ridge they had died to protect.

The Confederate graves were mostly relocated to southern states’ cemeteries in the decade after the end of the war. However, a few still remain in Gettysburg.

Array of small square white headstones marking unknown soldiers at Gettysburg National Cemetery
Graves of unknown Union soldiers

The national cemetery also has a monument to President Abraham Lincoln and features a bust in the center and the words of his Gettysburg Address inscribed in the stone behind him. Lincoln did not give the speech at this site, but the brick stage across from his monument has been used by many Presidents since to give speeches.


Other Things to Do at Gettysburg National Military Park

There is so much to do at Gettysburg, but with one day to spare a self-guided driving tour is a great option!

Have more time to spend in Gettysburg? You could:

  • View the Museum, film, and Cyclorama painting at the Visitor Center
  • See the David Wills’ House and the Gettysburg Train Station in town
  • Take a guided bus tour or personalized licensed battlefield guide around the battlefield
  • Visit the Eisenhower National Historic Site, right next to the Gettysburg Battlefield

Enjoy your time at this important historical battlefield!

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This Post Has 2 Comments

  1. Puloma Banerjee

    That was a very descriptive blog on Gettysburg and it’s historical significance! Loved reading it.

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